Ovarian and Fallopian Tube Cancer

There is no screening currently recommended for ovarian cancer; however being aware of the symptoms can help to diagnose the cancer sooner. The symptoms of epithelial ovarian (or fallopian tube) cancer are similar to the stomach flu and can include nausea, vomiting, changes in your bowel habits and decreased appetite. If these symptoms have been persistent, talk to your doctor about the possibility of ovarian or fallopian tube cancer. Diagnosis is made based on high suspicion on imaging with biopsy and/or surgery. Ovarian cancers are treated with a combination of surgery and chemotherapy.

Examples of ovarian cancers by category are listed below:

Epithelial Ovarian Cancer: Serous, Mucinous, Endometrioid, Clear Cell, Poorly differentiated/undifferentiated

Germ Cell Tumors: Dysgerminoma, Mature Teratoma, Immature Teratoma, Choriocarcinoma, Struma Ovarii, Embryonal Cancer, Endodermal Sinus Tumor (Yolk Sac Tumor)

Stromal Tumors: Granulosa Cell Tumor, Sertoli-Leydig Cell Tumor, Fibroma, Thecoma

Genetic Risk of Ovarian and Fallopian Tube Cancers

Women may carry a harmful variant (mutation) of a gene that increases the risk of developing ovarian and/or fallopian tube cancers. The most well-known genes that increase this risk are BRCA1 and BRCA2. There are many other genes that may also increase the risk of ovarian and fallopian tube cancer. If you are affected by a gene mutation that increases the risk of ovarian and fallopian tube cancer, make an appointment to discuss if risk reduction options are appropriate for you.